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The Role of Electronic Health in the Coronavirus Disease Crisis: A Systematic Review of Documents

Parastoo Amiri, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy
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Abstract

Introduction: Epidemic diseases have always caused considerable physical and financial casualties for governments. By the end of the year 2019, the Covid19 pandemic emerged for the first time in China and rapidly infected the globe. As information technology plays a significant role in the current healthcare system, the aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review to determine the role of electronic health in the Covid19 crisis.

Material and Methods: This review was carried out on articles published from December 2019 until March 17th 2020 by searching keywords and their equivalents in "MeSH" in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases and Google search engine.

Results: In total, from 72 found articles, 28 were recognized based on their research topic. After imposing inclusion and exclusion criteria, eventually 6 original articles and 8 reports were selected for further analysis. Results showed that reviewed articles had mentioned the effective role of IT in diagnosing Corona patients, addressing the spread of the disease, providing sufficient education for the public to prevent the disease, and recognizing high-risk areas. Telemedicine, machine learning algorithms, deep learning, Augmented intelligence, neural networks, Global positioning system, and geographical information system have been the most widely used technologies.

Conclusions: It was shown that defeating the Covid19 is impossible without the help of technology. Experiences with the effectivity of using electronic health in controlling and monitoring the prevalence of Covid19 can be used to deal with other pandemic diseases in the future as well; and to avoid possible casualties and economic regressions while rapidly providing solutions for similar critical situations.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30699/fhi.v9i1.223

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