• Logo
  • HamaraJournals

The Survey of Willingness and Use of Information and Communication Technologies by People with Low Back Pain

Fatemeh Niknam, Omid Pournik, Zahra Rojhani Shirazi, Naghmeh Ebrahimi, Roxana Sharifian



Introduction: Regular physical activity is effective in the treatment of low back pain. However, adherence to these exercises is difficult. Nowadays, the health care industry is using various forms of ICT to provide services to patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to survey the willingness and use of information and communication technologies among people with low back pain.

Method: This is an analytical study conducted in 2017. In this study, 200 samples low back pain were collected by use of convenience sampling method. The data collection tool was a checklist.

Result: Nighty-nine percent of the participants used mobile phones based on Android; in addition, 51% of people stated that they were familiar with the Internet. Also, people with the mean age and standard deviation of 37 ± 9 were willing to use ICT tools more compared with people with the mean age and standard deviation of 45±13; in addition, they had a high willingness to use ICT tools and low willingness to use traditional tools (p<0.001).

Conclusion: In general, the results showed that a large number of people with low back pain were willing to use ICT tools to receive care services (like exercise therapy). The majority of people with low back pain used social networks and they had smart phones based on the Android whose services were used widely. So the technologies such as smartphones, laptops, social networks and internet services could be used for e-learning.




Buchbinder R, Blyth FM, March LM, Brooks P, Woolf AD, Hoy DG. Placing the global burden of low back pain in context. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2013; 27(5): 591-600. PMID: 24315140 DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2013.10.007

Pinto RZ, Ferreira PH, Kongsted A, Ferreira ML, Maher CG, Kent P. Self-reported moderate-to-vigorous leisure time physical activity predicts less pain and disability over 12 months in chronic and persistent low back pain. Eur J Pain. 2014; 18(8): 1190–8. PMID: 24577780 DOI: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2014.00468.x

Vuori IM. Dose-response of physical activity and low back pain, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33(6): S551–86. PMID: 11427782

Bravata DM, Smith-Spangler C, Sundaram V, Gienger AL, Lin N, Lewis R, et al. Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: A systematic review. Jama. 2007; 298(19):2296–304. PMID: 18029834 DOI: 10.1001/jama.298.19.2296

Bashshur RL, Shannon GW, Krupinski EA, Grigsby J, Kvedar JC, Weinstein RS, et al. National telemedicine initiatives: Essential to healthcare reform.Telemed J E Health. 2009; 15(6): 600–10. PMID: 19534591 DOI: 10.1089/tmj.2009.9960

Gagnon MP, Desmartis M, Labrecque M, Car J, Pagliari C, Pluye P, et al. Systematic review of factors influencing the adoption of information and communication technologies by healthcare professionals. J Med Syst. 2012; 36(1): 241–77. PMID: 20703721 DOI: 10.1007/s10916-010-9473-4

Levine M, Reid MC. Primary care providers’ perspectives on telemedicine in the pharmacologic management of older adults with chronic pain. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2012; 60: S202.

Santoro E, Castelnuovo G, Zoppis I, Mauri G, Sicurello F. Social media and mobile applications in chronic disease prevention and management. Front Psychol. 2015; 6: 567-70. PMID: 25999884 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00567

Brattberg G. Internet-based rehabilitation for individuals with chronic pain and burnout: A randomized trial. Int J Rehabil Res. 2006; 29(3): 221-7. PMID: 16900043 DOI: 10.1097/01.mrr.0000210055.17291.f5

Lee Ventola C. Social media and health care professionals: Benefits, risks, and best practices. P T. 2014 ; 39(7): 491-9. PMID: 25083128

Schulz PJ, Rubinell S, Hartung U. An internet-based approach to enhance self-management of chronic low back pain in the Italian-speaking population of Switzerland: Results from a pilot study. Int J Public Health. 2007; 52(5): 286–94. PMID: 18030944

Krawczak K, Cabaj D, Kostrabala A, Piechna T, Chorzewsha A, Glinkowska B, et al. Willingness to attend home based exercises supervised over the Internet. The International confernce on eHealth, Telemedicine and Health ICT Forum for Educational, Networking and Business. 2011; 652-655.

Azizpoor Y, Hemmati F, Sayehmiri K. Prevalence of life-time back pain in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2013; 18(4): 102-12.

Fox S, Purcell K. Adults living with chronic disease are disproportionately offline in an online world [Internet]. 2010 [cited: 2018 Dec 1]. Pew Research Center. Available from: http://www.pewinternet.org/2010/03/24/chronic-disease-and-the-internet

Parker SJ, Jessel S, Richardson JE, Reid MC. Older adults are mobile too! Identifying the barriers and facilitators to older adults’ use of mHealth for pain management. BMC Geriatr. 2013; 13: 43-51. PMID: 23647949 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2318-13-43

Poushter J. Smartphone ownership and Internet usage continues to climb in emerging economies [Internet]. 2016 [cited: 2018 Dec 1]. Pew Research Center. Available from: http://www.pewglobal.org/2016/02/22/smartphone-ownership-and-internet-usage-continues-to-climb-in-emerging-economies

Pearson J, Walsh N, Carter D, Koskela S, Hurley M. Developing a web-based version of an exercise-based rehabilitation program for people with chronic knee and hip pain: A mixed methods study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016; 5(2): e67. PMID: 27197702 DOI: 10.2196/resprot.5446

Perrin A. Social media usage: 2005-2015 economies [Internet]. 2015 [cited: 2018 Dec 1]. Pew Research Center. Available from: http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/10/08/social-networking-usage-2005-2015

Chaffey D. Social media research summary 2016 [Internet]. 2016 [cited: 2018 Dec 1; updated: 2019 Feb 12]. Smart Insight. Available from: https://www.smartinsights.com/social-media-marketing/social-media-strategy/new-global-social-media-research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30699/fhi.v8i1.166


  • There are currently no refbacks.